Views the impact of foreign imperialism on China during its apogee, the early republican era (1910 to 1920)


The foreign establishment in early republican china had many facets: territory people, rights established by treaty or unilaterally asserted, armed force, diplomacy, religion, commerce, journalism, freebooting adventure, racial attitudes. Foreign Establishment in China in the Early Twentieth Century describes the dimensions of each of the principle guises in which the foreigner impinged upon the polity, economy, society, and mind of China. [1]

Albert FEUERWERKER is Professor in the Department of History at the University of Michigan.