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Confronts the fraught temporal dissonances that are written into the structure of sacred Jewish and Christian time

Table of contents

 Table of Contents
Introduction                 Calculating Time: Eosturmonath, Nisan, and the Paschal Table
Chapter One               Just In Time: Sacrificial Gifts, Rotting Corpses, and Annus Domini
Chapter Two               An (Un)Common Era: Passionate Narratives, Temporal Clashes—Jewish and Christian
Chapter Three            Taking Jews out and Putting Them Back in: Christian Chronometry, the York Massacre, and a Cycle of Mystery Plays
Chapter Four               A Time of Many Layers: Feasting on the Temporalities of The Siege of Jerusalem
Chapter Five               Repressing a Perpetually Resurfacing Temporality: Four Authorial Orphans and The Fifteenth-Century ‘Tale of the Litel Clergeon and the Jews’
Epilogue                     The Empire of Common Time


The Medieval Postcolonial Jew, In and Out of Time studies violent temporal clashes that are written into the medieval vision of annus domini [the year of our Lord]. Christian temporality represents Jewish time as queerly oddly outmoded and advocating uncivil and socially disruptive behavior. Jewish temporality, in turn, records a marginalized people who work to rescue their embattled temporality from becoming a time forgotten and colonized. Through a select group of literature in Middle English, Latin, and Hebrew, as well as sixteen manuscript pictorials, author Miriamne Ara Krummel confronts the notion that annus domini time (whether disguised as CE or AD) figures as the universal standard. Krummel’s argument details how Other temporalities—ones outside and not like annus domini time—are cast as nonstandard and imagined as wholly devised out of stories that promote fear and terror, and are positioned as putative threats to the fabric of the temporal empire of Latin Christendom. Ultimately, the book reflects on the ways in which “common” time both marks and silences marginal identities and cultures and shows to what extent the dynamics of the medieval environment materialize in our modern world.  

Miriamne Ara Krummel is Professor of Medieval Literature at the University of Dayton.

“This thoughtful and thought-provoking book shows how much effort and violent exclusions were necessary to establish and uphold the Christian calendar and the linear sense of time that we now take for granted.”
—Bettina Bildhauer, University of St Andrews

- Bettina Bildhauer

“An original, edifying, and insightful contribution to our understanding of medieval literary and religious textual traditions and the cultural conditions of their production, dissemination, and reception.”
—Catherine Cox, University of Pittsburgh

- Catherine Cox

"Krummel offers a compelling case for not taking the complexities of time for granted. ...Her work will be of interest to a number of scholars and advanced graduate students interested in literature and postcolonial theory, as well as the history of anti-Judaism and polemic, and perhaps even those invested in interrogating their own pedagogical choices as we employ terms like CE and AD in our classrooms."
The Medieval Review

- The Medieval Review

"...this monograph marks a significant achievement and contribution to scholarship on Middle English literature, medieval Christian theology, and medieval racial and religious prejudice. It is a welcome addition to the study of medieval Christian supremacy and racialization and should be read alongside works by Geraldine Heng and Magda Tetter as offering an important lens on a disturbingly relevant topic."
--Studies in the Age of Chaucer

- Studies in the Age of Chaucer

Listen: Miriamne Krummel previews her research on The Academic Minute | 02/10/2022
Read: Krummel featured on The Conversation | 12/23/2021