The first part of this volume is devoted is devoted to synoptical and analytical examinations by historians of attempts to root modern science in China during the Republican period. The second contains reports by scientists who have been involved in China’s recent efforts to modernize. Topics include genetic research, taxonomy, contraception, food policy, and schistosomiasis. With an introduction by Nathan Sivin.

John Z. Bowers was a medical educator and historian who taught as a visiting professor at the University of Kyota during the 1960s.J. William Hess is Former Associate Director of the Rockfeller Archive Center.Nathan Sivin is Pro