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Immigration and the Politics of American Sovereignty, 1890-1990

Subjects: Political Science, American Politics
Hardcover : 9780472112043, 400 pages, 12 drawings, 19 tables, 6 x 9, August 2001
Ebook : 9780472023004, 400 pages, 12 drawings, 19 tables, September 2009
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An exploration of how and why public arguments about immigrants change over time—and of the implications for our understanding of national sovereignty

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What does it mean to be an American? The United States defines itself by its legal freedoms; it cannot tell its citizens who to be. Nevertheless, where possible, it must separate citizen from alien. In so doing, it defines the desirable characteristics of its citizens in immigration policy, spelling out how many and, most importantly, what sorts of persons can enter the country with the option of becoming citizens.
Over the past century, the U.S. Congress argued first that prospective citizens should be judged in terms of race, then in terms of politics, then of ideology, then of wealth and skills. Each argument arose in direct response to a perceived foreign threat--a threat that was, in the government's eyes, racial, political, ideological, or economic. Immigration and the Politics of American Sovereignty traces how and why public arguments about immigrants changed over time, how some arguments came to predominate and shape policy, and what impact these arguments have had on how the United States defines and defends its sovereignty.
Cheryl Shanks offers readers an explanation for immigration policy that is more distinctly political than the usual economic and cultural ones. Her study, enriched by the insights of international relations theory, adds much to our understanding of the notion of sovereignty and as such will be of interest to scholars of international relations, American politics, sociology, and American history.
Cheryl Shanks is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Williams College.

Cheryl Shanks is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Williams College.

"A sophisticated and deeply researched analysis of U.S. immigration policy in the 20th century. . . ."
—M. F. Jacobson, Yale University, Choice, April 2002

- M. F. Jacobson, Yale University

"[Shanks] attempts to explain continuity, American sovereignty itself, in the face of the powerful transnational force of immigration that has existed throughout this country's history. The strength of this book is in its presentation of the political, economic, social, and ethical forces that have simultaneously shaped U.S. immigration policy and the American polity itself. Shanks' book is certainly the most thorough treatment that I have seen on this subject. She delves deeply, not only into the legislative debates on who should or should not become an American, but her extensive research also brings to light much of the larger public debate as well. . . . The book is very well written and organized, and immigration scholars and those in related fields will learn a lot from it."
—Mark Gibney, University of North Carolina, Asheville, Contemporary Sociology, Volume 31: No. 5

- Mark Gibney, University of North Carolina, Asheville