In this work the author reports on his excavation of the Sinking Ponds site in Erie County, New York. He combines this with extensive information on the Riverhaven 2 site and a general definition and description of the Meadowood Phase in New York State. Using assemblages excavated in these areas of the Niagara Frontier, Granger explores adaptive processes (procurement, manufacturing, storage, and exchange) of the Meadowood settlement pattern and settlement system.